PAINTINGS FROM AN ETHNIC GROUP OF GONDWANA
The Gond paintings are famous worldwide for their intricacy, beautiful patterns, bright color tones and their connection with nature.
“GOND” word is derived from “kond”, a Dravidian word meaning “the great mountain“. It describes the community living in Gond region which eventually gave rise to the famous painting form – “Gond Paintings”.
ABOUT THE “GOND” COMMUNITY –
The Gonds or Gondi (Gōndi) are amongst the largest ethnic groups ( Adivasi) of India, with a population of nearly 8 million. Predominant to Deccan India, the Gond community gradually settled in regions across northern Andhra Pradesh, eastern Maharashtra, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and western Orissa. The community’s roots can be traced back to the pre-Aryan age and so is the age of Gond paintings.
The Gonds are considered creative people especially the Pardhan Gonds who traditionally served as priests are considered to have renowned skills in different forms of arts- Music, Paintings etc. Their belief that good paintings brings good luck help them to develop mastery in their painting skills over time. This belief is visible in the houses of the community.
ORGIN OF GOND PAINTINGS:
The painting originated in GONDWANA, between 13th and 19th century A.D. Houses of Gond people became the first platform to showcase these beautiful paintings. Brightly painted walls, windows and even floors, replete with traditional icons and motifs are a common sight in Gond houses.
This tribal group of Deccan Peninsula used to decorate the walls of their houses portraying local flora, fauna, hunting, dancing and gods such as Marahi Devi and Phulvari Devi (Goddess Kali).
With the advent of colors and urbanization, this pictorial art became a narrative visual art and people started using modern mediums such as acrylic paint on canvas, ink on paper, silkscreen print among others.
THEMES FOR GOND PAINTINGS:
The stunning folk paintings narrates a variety of themes and stories in their art. Themes includes:
- Mythological tales and Legends -Lord Shiva, Lord Krishna, Lord Ganesha, etc.
- Traditional songs
- Flora– Mahua Tree as Tree of Life. Mahua flowers, fruits, seeds, and leaves are used for many purposes by the Gond tribe.
- Fauna– Pictures of peacocks, birds, crabs, mythical beasts, lizards, lions, tigers, deer, snakes, wild boars, cows, monkeys, elephants, horses, fish, etc.
- Important events and Rituals
- Local Deities– Phulvari Devi (Goddess Kali), Jalharin Devi (River Goddess), Marahi Devi, etc.
Gond painting majorly depicts various festivals, rituals, human-nature relationship and sometimes their daily chores.
This is the beauty of this art- It is SIMPLE YET ALLURING
COLORS USED IN GOND PAINTINGS:
Gond artists totally celebrates natural eco-friendly colors or PLANT BASED PIGMENTS AND DYES mainly with bright tones. Major color includes :
- Black: Derived from charcoal.
- Yellow: Derived from ramraj soil.
- White: Derived from chui soil.
- Red: Derived from geru soil.
- Light Green: Derived from cow dung.
- Dark Green: Derived from bean leaves.
The paintings are intricately designed using rich vibrant colors and serves as an offering to mother nature and are also a mode of warding off evil.
PATTERN USED IN GOND PAINTINGS:
The painting follow certain theme which is repeated all over the canvas creating intricate patterns. The imaginative use of the line imparts a sense of movement to the still images. Theses pattern includes regular usage of :
- Fine Lines
- Curved Lines
- Fish Scales
- Drops of Water
- Seed Shapes
- Geometrical Shapes.
HOW TO USE GOND STYLE IN INTERIORS:
Click the link “GOND PAINTINGS” IN DECOR and find ways to introduce this folk style in your cozy home.
COMMENT BELOW WHAT DO YOU LIKE ABOUT GOND-PAINTINGS. FEEL FREE TO SHARE YOUR THOUGHTS.